每年的3月是交流協會獎學金面試(口試)的季節。相信對很多人來說,在台灣能練習到日文口說的機會不多,突然要和日本人用日文進行獎學金面試一定很緊張。兩年前筆者也是抱著忐忑的心情,在面試官前不斷的講到口吃。還好最後成功通過面試,考上了交流協會獎學金!在那之後又經歷了大學面試、打工實習面試等等,經過多次練習之後自己也磨鍊出了一些心得,想在這裡分享給各位!

第一招 展現對留學生活的憧憬及熱忱

面試官想要什麼樣的人才

在準備面試前都應該先問問自己,面試官想要的是什麼樣的人才?

根據個人經驗及理解,交流協會想要的是,真正喜歡日文、喜歡日本,想透過在日本的生活,對日本及其文化產生更深一層了解的人。在交流協會獎學金的報名簡章(學部)中,報名資格和條件處的第(4)點,也明確地點出「積極的態度」以及「對日本的興趣」的重要性。

因此在面試的問答之間,如何抓緊機會闡述自己的熱忱,是準備面試時的首要任務。

怎麼展現熱忱及積極的態度

如果對於面試官的提問,面試者只會老實的回答,把預先準備好的答案背出來,想必在場的面試官都感受不到這位考生的熱情吧。

這裡先澄清,寫稿沒有不好,我個人不管準備什麼面試一定都會把逐字稿寫出來。但逐字稿只是個台階。當在正式面試時緊張到腦袋短路,什麼臨場發揮都做不出來時,至少我還能有逐字稿的標準答案可以唸。

什麼是臨場發揮?我將它分為兩種,被動式和主動式。「被動」就是當考官問到你沒準備的問題。「主動」就是你沒被問到但自己提起。這裡分開說明。

被動式

很多人被問到沒準備的問題時,腦袋都會短路,包括我在內。這是面試時必有的突發狀況。破解方法有二,第一種是你剛好有背景知識,能勉強正面答覆面試官(可能性低)。第二種是你完全答不出來(可能性高)。這時候怎麼辦?不回答。沒錯,不要正面回答就好。舉例來說,

面試官:「請問你對日本的xxx有什麼想法呢?」

考生A:「ㄜ…ㄜ…ㄜ…すみません。わかりません。」

考生B:「えっと、そうですね。すみませんが、勉強不足でそれについて詳しくわかりませんが、最近は日本のxxxに関してとても興味を持っており、BlaBlaBla」。直到面試官打斷。

兩人都回答不出問題。但想必考生B的印象好很多。(但要注意迴避問題時也不要讓主題偏太遠。盡量是相關內容。談經濟扯到日本美食就有點誇張了。)

主動式

和迴避問題類似,但又更高階。這就是成語說的「滔滔不絕」的技能。今天一個面試15分鐘,面試官想了解你,你也該了解面試官。每個面試官都有自己的喜好,也有自己的專長,能不能在15分鐘內找到面試官的喜好就是個人造化了(也和面試官親不親民有關,交流協會獎學金面試通常面試官都很和善)。

當有複數個面試官時,注意不要一路將話題帶偏了。要適時的收回,讓所有面試官都能聽懂你在說什麼(也就是能夠聽懂你的熱忱)。這樣全體面試官才會對你有好印象。

舉例來說,如果今天有個對輕小說或漫畫有興趣的面試官A。

面試官A:「請問你喜歡日本的作品的哪一點呢?」(不要以為不可能。我就被問到了。)

考生A:「我很喜歡他們在設定及還原度非常講究。像是我最近很喜歡一部叫鬼滅之刃的作品。(帶出)劇情很棒、畫面很美…。尤其是裡面角色的服裝,讓我尤其覺得很有興趣。(收)因此我開始研究日本的各種和服。舉例來說女主角穿的麻葉紋的和服有驅除厄運的意思。…」直到面試官打斷。(這裡參考了喜樂福 日本情報

考生B:「我很喜歡他們在設定及還原度非常講究。像是我最近很喜歡新海誠導演的電影。(帶出)你的名字和天氣之子中的東京都真的好逼近現實,(收)最近我也迷上旅行,我決定考上獎學金,有機會去東京旅行的時候,一定要去這些景點逛逛。」

考生A、B都是原創的範例,如果你有考生C的範例的話,想必你的印象分數也會很高!

最後最重要的是,要傳達「我真的好喜歡日本,好想要考上獎學金,去日本留學!

第二招 練習練習再練習

以上的各種技巧,都建立在一個基礎上,基本的問題你早都準備好了。如果連「為什麼想去日本」、「為什麼非要日本的大學不可」、「喜歡日本哪一點」這類基本款問題都要迴避的話,印象分數應該暴跌吧。怎麼準備基本的問題?

寫逐字稿

這裡再次強調,寫稿沒有不好,甚至寫逐字稿都可以。寫逐字稿的好處有三,

1. 想要別人陪你練習時,別人也很好發問

2. 表現穩定,不會每次練習時,回答的品質參差不齊

3. 有什麼新想法、新內容,都可以直接插入語句中,修改方便

一份逐字稿我大概要重複唸30次才會覺得安心,這也因人而異,但重複唸很多次是不可以忽略的步驟

找日本人練習

除了寫逐字稿外,找日本人練習也很重要!

各種口音、文句不通順、語病、修改建議、多餘的肢體動作、禮儀等等,你的諸多毛病一次挑出來。不只如此,在與母語者聊天時,母語者因對當地民情有更深的了解,可能可以提供更多的準備方向。

舉例來說,當問到為什麼要去日本時,母語者不只能做聽眾,更能結合自身經驗告訴你,這個地方如果這樣說明日本人會更有共鳴;或點醒你其實日本的xxx不是這樣的。(我當初是在這家補習班找日本人教師的。)

第三招 注意面試禮儀

如果有找日本人教師練習的話,老師應該會提醒你哪些禮儀是需要注意的(包括服裝、進出教室、坐姿等等)。

如果沒有找老師也沒關係,這裡整理一些好用的資源給大家做參考。

給日本高中生看的影片1(大學面試禮儀):面試禮儀影片在此(日文)

給日本高中生看的影片2(大學面試禮儀):面接マナー必勝ガイド

給日本高中生看的懶人包(大學面試禮儀):禮儀懶人包網頁在此(日文)

看完之後重複練習身體才不會忘記喔~

希望今天的心得分享懶人包能幫到5月馬上要面試的考生!

面試通過之後就可以免費到日本留學了,是不是很期待!

注意!考上獎學金之後還要再考一次留學試驗!

注意!考上獎學金之後還要再考一次留學試驗!

注意!考上獎學金之後還要再考一次留學試驗!

想知道怎麼在EJU日本留學試驗拿高分嗎?

文組的看這裡理組的看這裡

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哈囉!我們是RK!我們是住在東京的大學生,喜歡唱歌、假日出去旅遊、吃好吃的日本美食。歡迎來用我們的視角一起看日本:)

This Post Has 24 Comments

  1. joy

    正煩惱複試怎麼辦的我看到這篇簡直救贖XD
    想請問如果被問到EJU成績怎麼這麼差要怎麼辦…因為我都不高QQ本以為不會過初試…

    1. RK

      就像是問到你的缺點的時候,可以利用答案襯托出優點一樣。你大可以不用解釋當天的狀況不好或是準備方向錯誤,而是可以說明你為了得到更好的成績,正在付出什麼樣的努力。當然最後EJU的成績還是在考官的考量範圍內,但能賺的印象分數不賺白不賺囉~

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